ARMY TM 9-2815-255-24
AIR FORCE TO 38G1-95-2
MARINE CORPS TM 2815-24/4
Using valve seat grinding set, grind valve seats as follows:
Select a 0.3125 inch (7.9 mm) arbor that will extend approximately 2.754 inches (6.9 cm) above the valve
seat. Wipe the arbor stem with an oily cloth and insert into the valve stem guide.
Select a 30 degree angle, 1.75 inch (4.4 cm) grinding stone which is in good condition and install the stone
in the hex drive.
Carefully lower the stone and hex drive unit on the arbor until the stone almost contacts the seat.
Do not grind too long. only a few seconds are required to recondition the average seat. Avoid
tendency to grind off too much. Do not apply excessive pressure.
While holding the drive motor in line with the stone, grind the seat with a light tapping motion.
Remove grinding unit and arbor from head.
Check valve recess, refer to paragraph 3-34.2.
Check valve seat width and contact pattern between seat and valve with blue bearing dye (HISPOTBLUE
107). Maintain valve seat width within 0.059 to 0.079 inch (1.50 to 2.00 mm). Use a vernier caliper or
scale to measure seat width.
valve seat width Is too narrow, valve may bum or erode.
If necessary, reduce valve seat width by repeating steps (1) thru (5) using a 45 degree, 1.75 inch (4.4 cm)
stone. This reduces the width by increasing the smaller diameter of the valve seating area.
Remove arbor and recheck valve seat width, refer to step (7).
Remove valve seat inserts as follows:
Be careful not to damage cylinder head when removing valve seats.
Valve seat inserts are made of sintered (powdered) metal. To remove inserts:
Carefully heat insert(s) with an oxygen-acetylene torch at four opposite points until it becomes red
Use a screwdriver or similar tool and carefully pry out insert(s) from bore.
After removal of inserts, thoroughly clean area around valve seat bore and inspect for damage or cracks.
Replace cylinder head as necessary. If valve with an oversize stem is to be used, an oversize valve seat
insert must be installed.
Measure valve seat bore in cylinder head as follows:
Compare dimensions of bore with valve seat insert. Insert must have a press fit.
If bore dimensions are not within specification (or head has to be bored to accept a new insert when one
was not previously used), machine head to specifications listed on FIGURE 3-102.